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Welcome to Leck Linux!
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last updated
041116
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contact leck
http://www.lecksite.com/leck.html
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Best free operating system anchor link

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for everyone looking here for "leck linux" i have decided not to continue to work on it so i can focus on very smart artificial intelligence. i am using this page as refrence to installing and updating the best version of linux.
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for a free (non mobile) operating system you really have 3 options. i spent years learning about operating systems and even making my own version of linux before i realized these are the 3 best free operating systems for computers.
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Linux mint
http://www.linuxmint.com/
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mint runs about twice as fast as windows. mint is not easier or harder to use than windows but mint is an unfamiliar operating system, which makes mint slightly more difficult to use. (remember the first time you used a smart phone? it's like that). some programs which were only made for windows and macintosh will not work in mint. you will be able to do everything you can do in windows using similar programs to the programs in macintosh and windows. mint is easier to update and install programs than macintosh and windows. mint is more customizable than macintosh and windows. mint does not hide things from the user like windows does. mint is significantly less vulnerable to hacking and viruses than other operating systems. mint is a graphical linux. linux began using graphics over 20 years ago. some people think linux doesn't use graphics. dos doesn't use graphics.
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Debian
http://www.lecksite.com/linux.html#manual
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debian is the operating system mint was originally created from. this is the best linux atm, but it is hard to use. the only reason you would want to use debian instead of linux mint is if you need the extra speed. if you follow my instructiosn you will be able to use debian. it will probably save you some headache if you use mint instead of debian. see below for my current instructions with debian. this section i update very frequently. it's partly for my own reference too.
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Dos
http://www.lecksite.com/linux.html#dos
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dos is the best and most popular text only operating system. almost every computer made from 1990-2010 has dos as the "parent" operating system (after 2010, computers and mobile devices use proprietary text based oses or C in the boot process instead of dos) dos is not owned by microsoft anymore. if you use dos you will have virtually your entire computer's speed. dos is really only useful if your computer is too slow to use debian/mint, or you are unable to install any other operating system. you will not be able to use over 90% of the programs made for windows and you cannot browse the internet using a web browser (you can't use google but you can use the internet in other ways). initially dos can only use a keyboard. you only have about 100 commands initially with dos. running dos as your main operating system would only be good for a few purposes. you can connect to the internet using dos, but it would be easier just to use linux. see below for instructions to install dos. (yes you need to "install" dos as your operating system unless you are using a very old computer)
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debian anchor link
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you want to install debian 7 (wheezy) which is the 2nd newest debian currently. i was using the newest debian (debian 8 jezzie) for a while until i realized the makers of debian actually broke some things like the file explorer. debian 7 is the best linux. i will try other linuxes occasionally to see if there is a better linux. here is the official website "https://www.debian.org/" , but debian removed all copies of debian 7 from their website, so i uploaded a version just in case this was intentional. it's helpful to have a version to download easily.
https://www.sendspace.com/file/v1fm2z
and make sure to put it on a cd with http://cdburnerxp.se or a usb drive with "rufus usb" (note to leck, remember to add link to download)
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download this and put it on the "root" of the usb during install (the topmost folder of the usb).
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/firmware/
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the installation of debian is all messed up. (it is even worse in debian 8) installing debian does work, but you need to keep trying different things with usb flash drives and cd roms with the debian image to get it to work. i think what you want to do is install with the "advanced expert" or the "advanced graphical expert", and when it gets to the internet connection, it has to connect to the internet during the install or it will be problematic later. using wifi it just simply fails the first time so attempt to connect to wifi 2x. make sure you put the programs above in basic tarball format or fully extracted format on the root of the flash drive for it to be detected. the programs will not be detected in any kind of complex format like tar.bz .
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i also have programs and drivers i'm too lazy to upload on my hard drive which help after the installation. you can find the same programs on websites anyway. here is the master list of all debian packages for debian 7. https://packages.debian.org/oldstable/allpackages
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THE REST OF TIHS SECTION I WILL FIX LATER
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you can make a bootable usb with "rufus usb" but it does not work with some computers. some computers require you to use a cd to install debian. i suggest do not "create a root account" let your user account be the root account. it saves you from trouble later.
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a black screen like a dos prompt after you installed means you didn't install with an internet connection. you need to reinstall and have an interenet connection during install or it will take more time trying to fix debian than if you simply reinstall debian.
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root terminal is installed by default. there is no reason to use the normal terminal unless there is a program specifically designed not to work with root terminal (which happens occasionally) if you use normal terminal put "su" to login as root
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using "root terminal" to update software
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(input password when you are asked for your password)
apt-get update
apt-get upgrade
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synaptic is installed by default. you should install all of these programs from synaptic. (if synaptic is not installed use "apt-get install synaptic" to install synpatic in root terminal)
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you can use synaptic package manager to install most programs, drivers, and libraries. if something isn't in a repository or has a dependancy problem, then you need to add the repository to /usr/etc/sources.list by opening up a terminal and typing "gksudo nautilux" you can alternatively download a program from the official debian list of packages here (THIS IS TE https://packages.debian.org/oldstable/allpackages )
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to run mass storage hard drives formatted in windows
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run disk manager and right click on the correct external media which does not mount. left click "check" and after it finishes, you can mount the external mass storage drive or flash drive.
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to install skype
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using "terminal" copy and paste or retype the lines below
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su leck ("leck" is your username)
(input password when you are asked for your password)
apt-get install libxss1
cd /tmp
wget -O skype-install.deb http://www.skype.com/go/getskype-linux-deb
dpkg -i skype-install.deb
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to install new programs
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use synaptic. if synaptic does not work follow these instructions
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if the package isn't in the default repositories, you can add the repo, but i find it easier to download the package and install it with dpkg -i like this THIS MIGHT NOT WORK IN JESSIE
dpkg -i /home/leck/Downloads/myprogram.deb
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if a package isn't in .deb you need to do this to change it to .deb
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install "alien" with synaptic
close synaptic and in root terminal copy and paste below
alien "package path and name without quotes"
example alien /home/fedoraprogram.fed
look in your "\home" folder for the .deb package
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to install a .deb package
dpkg -i "package path and name without quotes"
example dpkg -i /home/fedoraprogram.deb
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sometimes you need recursion to download a package or you need to compile with the instructions included within the package you downloaded. i am not going to explain how to do this, because it is way too complicated to explain. most software you need to compile manually comes with instructions. you need to use recursion if the person who made the application does not package it.
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to install a fully working audio and video player
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install vlc. i suggest uninstalling all other media players so debian doesn't get confused. you can use synaptic to uninstall.
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enabling file transfer between computers at the same location
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i have not figured out how to transfer files with other computers locally good enough to explain here yet. for now i suggest run skype on the computers and upload files to the file transfer solution at the top of my main webpage (www.lecksite.com) which is currently "sendspace" . and then transfer the link through skype to the other computer. then you can download the file by clicking on the link you sent over skype. you can also transfer files directly through skype but i don't know if you can transfer folders, so you obviously have to zip folders to turn folders into files if you can only transfer files over skype. you also have to log into skype's website to transfer files over skype if it doesn't have that built into skype. still, this is a workaround for transferring files until i figure out how to fix file transfers in debian jessie.
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DISREGARD THE REST OF THIS SECTION UNTIL I FIGURE IT OUT.
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installing "synaptic" you should install "nautilus-share" and "samba". (maybe smb4k and sambaclient too)
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restart your computer
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use "terminal" close nautilus (your graphical file explorer) if it's open and input
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sudo nautilus
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after entering your password find your folder you want to share and right click on it then left click "sharing options" . you want to check 2 "share this folder" and "guest access"
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i tried editing the samba config file. other computers can see the folders but i cannot access them. this is what i changed
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change
browseable = yes
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uncomment (or just add at bottom)
wins support = yes
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NOTE TO LECK MAYBE CHECK THE DEPRECATED INSTRUCTIONS.
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the rest of this section i'm leaving here for now. it was to share debian 7 (wheezy) but does not work in debian 8.
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navigate to the smb config file here /etc/samba/smb.conf and edit it using gedit. at the very bottom of smb.conf input this and save it. this is an example of how to share the "desktop" folder. of course you can share any folder you want. the folder name and path ARE CASE SENSITIVE, so you need to capitilize desktop for example.
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[Desktop]
path = /home/leck/Desktop
available = yes
read only = yes
browseable = yes
public = yes
comment = desktop
writable = no
guest ok = yes
guest account = ftp
guest only = no
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install samba with synaptic. you should install every samba pertinent package. i have not figured out which packages are essential to fix local file sharing. i think samba4 is the package which creates the correct configuration file, but again i'm not sure, so just keep installing different samba packages until it works, or install them all. after installing samba and restarting your computer, open up a root terminal and type
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gksudo nautilus
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then navigate to the folder you want to share (remember it shares all folders within also), and right click on the folder. left click on sharing options or properties. i suggest never enabling write access, only enabling read access. write access allowed from another computer is a major security risk, because someone can install a virus from another location.
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the rest of this section i'm leaving here, because it's another way to enable file sharing if the above instructions do not work for you. this way is harder and should only be used if the above instructions do not work.
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then in a terminal copy and paste
service samba restart
optionally you can copy and paste this to see if there are any syntax errors in smb.conf
testparm
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you should be able to search in a file explorer and find your shared folder. if you are unable to see the file for whatever reason, you can use a web browser to find the folder.
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if you are using linux you need to have samba installed on both computers. copy and paste this into iceweasel. replace the desktop with the name of your folder you are sharing. replace leck with the name of the computer or ip address of the computer with the shared folder
smb://leck/Desktop
another example smb://leckscomputer/Music/mybest
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if you are using a windows computer, open up firefox or internet explorer and paste something like this. replace LECK with your computer name or ip address, and replace Desktop with the folder you are sharing.
\\LECK\Desktop
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to take a screenshot
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move your mouse to the top left of the screen and left click on application. left click on the application named "screenshot"
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less important programs to install
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using synaptic install audacity
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this program is the best disk memory formater (which means erasing mass storage and flash disks). it does other less important things along the same lines too. it cannot format your master hard drive running debian, so make sure you don't format C: with gparted, because gparted will try and get interrupted when debian crashes and corrupts at the same time 8) gparted should transfer your current os to ram in order to format the master hard drive, which is something i will include in leck linux, but gparted cannot do currently.
using synaptic install gparted
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moving your mouse to the top left of the screen shows 2 tabs (windows and applications). if you move to applications, "system settings" and "advanced system settings" are everything you need to customize your graphical user interface of debian gnome.
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a simple picture editor like mspaint is pinta. use synaptic to install pinta. (pinta is the linux version of the windows paint.net)

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to uninstall software use synaptic. you should be able to use autoremove but i haven't figured out how to install or use autoremove yet

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DOS anchor link
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to install the ms dos operating system as your only operating system you will want to download a full installer from the link below. to just try dos you can use a windows vista/7 or xp installation cd. for a vista/7 cd, press shift+F10 as soon as it loads. for windows xp, there are a number of different ways to access dos, the easiest being a full install of windows xp, and use a command prompt after you start up the operating system. the link to download a full installer of ms dos is: (you'll need to burn the iso to a cd or make a boot usb) http://www.syschat.com/download60.html&act=down (latest version 7.1)
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to install a dos emulator (dosbox is the preferred way to run dos) you can download it from the application link on my download page here: (or a current version from the dosbox website) http://www.lecksitegd1.com/
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old videos and administrative links
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Leck Linux is on distrohub now
http://distrohunt.org/
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Leck Linux is on the waiting list to be added to distrowatch (yay!)
http://distrowatch.com/dwres.php?resource=submit
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i frequent one of the most reputable linux communities http://www.cupoflinux.com/SBB/index.php
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this link is here for my administrative reference
(http://www.lecksite.com/source.html)
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you can watch youtube videos where i talk about leck linux.
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060615 - 8 minutes long
http://youtu.be/sUTqesjIEpQ
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052315 - 2 minutes long
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82eVZi9qA84&t=32m45s
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